Complete AutoCAD 2D tutorials for beginners for FREE

Lesson 1- Starting & Closing AutoCAD

You can launch AutoCAD using the Start button like other Windows applications. pick the Start button in the Windows task bar, select Programs and look for AutoCAD. You can also double-click on a shortcut to launch AutoCAD (if there is one on your system). shortcuts can be customized to use a specific user profile and start in a specific default folder (right-click on shortchut). Closing AutoCAD You can Close AutoCAD using standard Windows methods and you will be prompted to save changes Read More...

Lesson 2- Communicating With AutoCAD

Most tasks in AutoCAD involve commands that are explicitly invoked by selecting an option from a menu. for example, you could pick Draw in the pulldown menu and then pick Line to invoke the Line command.   You should always keep an eye on the command line because this is where AutoCAD communicates with you. for example, when you invoke the Line command AutoCAD will prompt you to “Specify first point”.     In some cases you respond to prompts by selecting an object Read More...

Lesson 3- Getting Out Of Trouble

You may invoke a command and then realize that you are not using the right command for the desired task. you can press the <Esc> key to cancel a command that is currently running or you can right-click in the drawing area to invoke a shortcut menu & pick Cancel. you may have to canceltwice in some situations to return back to the “Command:” prompt. For example, if you invoke Line you could press <Esc> at the first (or any Read More...

Lesson 4- Quick Tour Exercise

1- Launch AutoCAD by double-clicking on the shortcut (if there is one) or by using the Start button. 2- Pick the Open a Drawing task button and then pick the Browse button to invoke the Select File dialogue box. 3- Navigate to your personal folder. Select the T101_1.dwg drawing file and pick the Open button to open this drawing. Throughout this course you will be instructed to open drawings or use other files that are stored in your personal folder. illustrations in Read More...

Lesson 5- Drawing Scale & View Magnification

When creating drawings manually on a drafting board you must select a sheet size 
select a drawing scale 
select a place to begin drawing on the sheet Usually these decisions must be made before you have enough information to arrive at the best end results. Manual drawings often require more than one attempt because sheet sizes are inappropriate for the selected drawing scale drawings are not properly centered on the sheet 
errors are made in scaling These routine problems are a constant Read More...

Lesson 6- ZOOM Window

Use the Window option of Zoom to see a selected area of your drawing displayed at a larger magnification. pick two corner points to define a box (window) around the area to be enlarged on-screen. the area inside the specified window is displayed at the highest magnification that will fit in your AutoCAD drawing window. Command: ZOOM ↵ Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: W ↵ Specify first corner: (pick near Read More...

Lesson 7- Zoom previous

AutoCAD keeps track of displayed views in the current drawing session up to a maximum of 10 previous views. use the Previous option of Zoom to restore the previous view. Practice with ZOOM Previous 1) Continue with the same drawing from the previous exercise. 2- Pick the Zoom Previous button from the Standard toolbar. AutoCAD remembers the view that was displayed last and the Zoom Previous option takes you back to this view. 3- Right-click in the drawing area to invoke a shortcut menu Read More...

Lesson 8- ZOOM Extents

The extents of your drawing could be defined as the drawing area occupied by objects on thawed layers. this means your extents may change when you add or delete objects and when you freeze or thaw layers. you will learn more about how to add & delete objects and how to freeze & thaw layers later in the course (not in this document). Use the Extents option of Zoom to display your current drawing extents such that it just fits Read More...

Lesson 9- ZOOM Scale

You can specify a relative change in view magnification by using Zoom Scale and typing a factor followed by the X character. the view center remains in the center of the display window. scale factors larger than 1.0 have a zoom in effect while factors less than 1.0 have a zoom out effect. Zoom In (2X) and Zoom Out (0.5X) use the Scale option of Zoom. you will find these 2 menu options in the View + Zoom pulldown Read More...

Lesson10- ZOOM & PAN In Real Time

Zoom Realtime lets you watch your view magnification change as you drag your cursor in real time. in other words, this feature is like Zoom Scale in real time. Press <enter> at the first Zoom prompt to use <real time> you can also invoke this mode directly from the View + Zoom 
pulldown menu or from the Zoom toolbar (or Standard toolbar). Pick & drag (with the left mouse button) upwards to increase the view magnification while you drag. Pan lets you Read More...

Lesson11- Saving & Restoring Views

It can be time consuming to compose the desired view on screen from scratch every time use View to make a New named view of the current display. then you can use View to Restore the desired named view. Practice with Saving & Restoring Views Continue with the same drawing from the previous exercise 2- Pick View + Named Views. Then pick the New button in this dialogue box 3- Enter Laundry Room as the View name and pick OK without Read More...

Lesson12- Drawing Setup Overview

Drawing setup is very important when you create new drawings using AutoCAD 2000. if you organize drawing setup properly you will save time later on and your drawings will have a more consistent appearance. This section is an overview of drawing setup concepts and you should not be concerned if you are (initially) confused. the many aspects involved in setting up a drawing to suit your application can be overwhelming when you are new to AutoCAD. drawing setup will make Read More...

Lesson13- Starting Drawings From Scratch

One way to create a new drawing is to use the New command and select the Start from Scratch button there are no objects & no custom definitions (e.g. layers, dimension styles, text styles etc..) when you start from scratch. If you select English (feet and inches) for Default Settings the new drawing is appropriate for models created in inches. English drawings are similar to drawings created from the Acad.dwt template file. English drawings can also be used with Architectural & Read More...

Lesson14- Making New Drawings From Templates

You were able to quickly set up drawings in the previous exercise after creating a New drawing from scratch but you did not complete the setup by adding layers, dimension styles, text styles and adjusting other preferences. these additional steps can be time consuming to repeat every time you start a new drawing. One way to save time is to Saveas a drawing that has already been completely set up as a template file. template files are identical to drawing Read More...

Lesson15- Absolute Coordinates

You eventually supply at least one point when you use most commands in AutoCAD so it is practical to learn basic options for inputting points. You have already supplied points to commands (perhaps without even realizing it) by just clicking with your left mouse button. for example, picking two points when you use Zoom Window is an example of inputting points in AutoCAD. Other typical prompts for points are shown below. Specify first point:
 Specify next point or [Undo]: Specify first corner:
 Specify opposite Read More...

Lesson16- Relative Cartesian Coordinates

It is inefficient to work with absolute coordinates all of the time. you are normally more concerned about where a coordinate is 
relative to other coordinates. for example, when you draw a LINE you would want to specify the length of the LINE relative to the starting point. You can specify a point relative to your last point by typing the @ character before you type the X & Y ordinates. you normally enter relative coordinates in a command after Read More...

Lesson17- Relative Polar Coordinates

The @X,Y format for entering relative coordinates is also referred to as cartesian relative coordinates. when drawings involve angles other than multiples of 90 degrees it can be awkward to work with cartesian coordinates. Sometimes it is easier to work with relative coordinates that use distances and angles instead of X and Y ordinates. these are called relative polar coordinates and you enter them on the command line when prompted for points by typing @R<A. @R<A can be interpreted as Read More...

Lesson18- Object Snap Overrides

An Osnap (short for Object SNAP) lets you snap onto geometric positions of objects when AutoCAD prompts you to pick a point. this lets you draw objects precisely without having to determine (or even know) the required coordinates. osnaps are one of the most important drafting tools to learn. One way to use an osnap is to type the first 3 letters (abbreviation) 
of the desired osnap mode when AutoCAD prompts for a point. For example, suppose you wanted to draw Read More...

Lesson19- Running Object Snaps

An object snap override is ONLY valid for the next point you pick. it is more efficient to use running osnaps (instead of overrides) to use the same osnap mode(s) for several points. for example, you could have set a running osnap for Endpoint to complete the previous exercise with less effort in less time.You can select the desired osnap mode to set as a running osnap by using the Dsettings command. check the desired mode in the Object Read More...

Lesson20- Using POLAR With Direct Distance Entry

You can use the POLAR tool in AutoCAD in the same way that you would use a T-square when you make drawings manually. When POLAR is On in the status bar your next point can be constrained vertically or horizontally. hold your crosshairs approximately in a vertical direction from 
your last point to constrain your next point vertically. hold your crosshairs approximately in a horizontal direction from 
your last point to constrain your next point horizontally. otherwise your next point Read More...

Lesson21- Using Snap & Grid

When you turn On the GRID in the status bar you will see an array of dots on your screen at a fixed spacing in the X and Y directions. you can use the GRID as a visual frame of reference and the dots in your GRID will not appear when you Plot. the GRID is displayed ONLY in the drawing Limits area. you may not see the GRID when you are zoomed out if the 
space between each Read More...

Lesson22- Inquiry Tools For Points

You can use the Id command to find coordinates and this tool is usually used with an osnap. for example, you might want to find the coordinates for the center of an existing CIRCLE. you would invoke Id and then use a Center osnap to select the desired CIRCLE. Command: '_id Specify point: CEN↵ 
of (select CIRCLE) X = 3.0000 Y = 3.0000 Z = 0.0000 
 You can use Dist to find the distance between two points and this tool is also Read More...

Lesson23- User & World Coordinate Systems

The World Coordinate System (WCS) is the default coordinate system used by AutoCAD. the WCS will be sufficient for most of your 2D drafting needs and this is the only coordinate system used in this course. you know that the current coordinate system is the WCS when you see the letter W in the UCS icon. If you plan to work with 3D drawings or with drawings that are oriented at an odd angle (e.g. site plans not square to Read More...

Lesson24- Creating LINE Objects

One Line command can be used to draw a 2D shape comprised of many straight-edged segments. even if segments are created in the same Line command it is important to realize that each segment is a separate object. For example, the following simple 2D drawing would require 16 separate LINE objects to model the three views for this bracket but you could create all of these 16 LINE objects using 5 (or more) separate Line commands. You have already been using Read More...

Lesson25- Creating CIRCLES & ARCS

CIRCLE C (alias) D r a w + Circle + [Option] Draw You can use the Circle command and select command line options manually to create CIRCLEs using different methods or you can pre-select the method that you want to use from the AutoCAD automatically supplies appropriate responses to prompts when you use a pulldown menu to invoke Circle. the same Circle command is used for all pulldown menu options. Draw + Circle cascading pulldown menu. For example, you could pick Draw + Read More...

Lesson26- Introduction To POLYLINES

PLINE PL (alias) D r a w + Polyline Draw One way to create a LWPOLYLINE is to use the Pline command. Pline (an abbreviation for PolyLINE) is used to create single objects that can be made up of multiple LINE & ARC segments. as an example, the shape below could be made from 9 individual LINEs & one ARC or it could be made from one LWPOLYLINE. Prior to AutoCAD Release 14 the Pline command created POLYLINE objects but now these objects Read More...

Lesson27- Creating & Using POINT

A POINT is a one dimensional object that can be used to mark special coordinates in a drawing. for example, you might see POINTs with TEXT labels beside them to list elevations at various coordinates in site plans. you can also snap to POINTs using the Node osnap so POINTs can be an effective construction object as well. One way to create a POINT is to use the Point command. if you invoke Point with the toolbar button you will Read More...

Lesson28- Introduction To ELLIPSES & SPLINES

You can create an ELLIPSE object using the Ellipse command and there are several different methods to create them. the default method lets you create an ELLIPSE by supplying any three end points of the major and minor axes. if you know the center point and an one end point of each axis you can use the Center option instead. you can create part of an ELLIPSE using the Arc option
(or you can use the Trim command on a Read More...

Lesson29- Using ERASE To Delete Objects

Erase is one of the most common edit commands and you will use it to practice using basic selection tools in the next section. When you Erase (Clear) a set of objects they are removed from the drawing and sent to a temporary buffer. if you would like those erased objects back in the same drawing session you can recall them by typing the Oops command. this buffer is updated each time you use Erase so you can only recall Read More...

Lesson30- Basic Selection Tools

Edit commands will eventually prompt you to Select objects. your crosshairs turn into a pickbox when you see the Select objects prompt on the command line. you can hold your pickbox over the desired object and press your left mouse button (left-click) to select an object. You can change your pickbox size to suit your preferences by invoking the Options command & picking the Selection tab If you have crowded drawings it is best to use a smaller pickbox 
(but Read More...

Lesson31- MOVE & COPY

Use Move to move selected objects by a displacement. AutoCAD prompts for a base point and a second point then calculates the required displacement automatically. if you know the displacement you can enter it as X,Y at the first prompt & then press <enter> at the second point prompt. Command: MOVE ↵ Select objects: (use selection tools) Specify base point or displacement: (Base point) Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: (2nd point) Command: Use Copy to Read More...

Lesson32- SCALE

Use Scale to change the size of selected objects by a specified scale factor about a base point. the scale factor can be entered as a value at the keyboard. you can also use your cursor to drag the selected objects and then left-click when they are the desired size. scale factors less then 1.0 make objects smaller whereas scale factors greater then 1.0 make objects larger. the base point is important because objects grow away from or shrink Read More...

Lesson33- ROTATE

Use Rotate to revolve objects about a base point by an angle. you can type the required angle at the keyboard or you can move your cursor & drag the revolved objects to the desired location then left-click to use the displayed orientation. Positive angles normally rotate objects in a counter-clockwise direction (opposite to the image shown in the Rotate toolbar button) some drawings may use clockwise directions for positive angles (use Help to learn more about the ANGDIR system Read More...

Lesson34- Introduction To Grips

Up to now you have been invoking a command BEFORE selecting 
objects to edit. you can also select objects when no command is running and THEN select the desired edit operation to use. Left-click on objects when no command is running to select objects one at a time (or use implied Crossing or Window tools). When objects are selected and no command is running you can right-click in the drawing area to invoke a shortcut menu. one section of this Read More...

Lesson35- Introduction To Layers

Using layers in AutoCAD is like using overlay drafting or transparencies on an overhead projector. drawing views are a composite of all visible layers. Why use layers? Place objects on different layers to control how objects appear on your screen and how they appear in plots. you can assign different color, linetype, lineweight or plot styles to each layer (BYLAYER). It is easier to manage and edit your drawings later on when objects are placed on separate layers. You can generate multiple plans Read More...

Lesson36- Managing Object Properties BYLAYER

You can explicitly assign properties like color, linetype, lineweightor Plot style to objects. assigning object properties explicitly is not as practical as 
assigning object properties BYLAYER. when you explicitly assign properties to objects you lose the ability to change the properties of objects on an entire layer. good CAD practice is to assign object properties BYLAYER. Use the Layer command to create new layers and assign object properties BYLAYER. the Layer command invokes a powerful dialogue box with Read More...

Lesson37- Overriding Object Properties Set BYLAYER

You can select objects when no command is running and then select the desired object property on the Object Properties toolbar. when you use this approach you will override the corresponding 
property that is assigned to these selected objects BYLAYER. for example, you can explicitly assign a color to selected objects. Objects
Not Selected You can also select properties from the Object Properties toolbar when there are no objects selected. the objects you draw after that will explicitly have that property and Read More...

Lesson38- Linetypes & Drawing Scale

You can assign a Linetype BYLAYER to 2D objects (LINEs, ARCs, CIRCLEs etc..) using the Layer dialogue box. left-click on the Linetype currently assigned to the desired layer to invoke the Select Linetype dialogue box. if the desired linetype is not displayed in the Select Linetype dialogue box you can pick the Load button to load it. when you create New drawings from scratch the ONLY loaded linetype is CONTINUOUS (the default linetype). Acad.lin is the default linetype file when the MEASUREMENT system variable is Read More...

Lesson39- Introduction To Lineweights

Use the Layer dialogue box to assign lineweights BYLAYER. left-click on the lineweight assigned to the desired layer. select one of 28 available lineweights (specified in either millimeters or inches) from the Lineweight dialogue box. Lineweights will Plot if you check Plot with lineweights on the Layout Settings of the Page Setup dialogue box. this box is automatically checked (read-only) when Plot with plot styles is checked. Lineweight On-screen Left-click on the Show/Hide Lineweights status bar button to toggle the display of lineweights on-screen. this setting Read More...

Lesson40- Introduction To The Object Properties Manager

Use Properties to invoke the Object Properties Manager.
Properties is modeless which means after you invoke it, this tool will remain Open until you explicitly dismiss it.
it can be docked on the side of your AutoCAD window or you can double-click on the grab bars to make it float as a window. You can select objects when no command is running to view and edit exposed properties of the selected objects. Properties is a complex powerful tool and you will be learning more about Read More...

Lesson41- Introduction To Plot Styles

Plot styles (new in AutoCAD 2000) let you override other object 
properties to change how objects appear when you Plot. if you do not use plot styles AutoCAD plots objects the same way 
they appear on-screen (if the selected output device can do this). There are two different types of plot style behaviors. named plot style behavior lets you define named styles and assign them BYLAYER (like color, linetype & lineweight). color dependent plot style behavior uses the Read More...

Lesson42- CAD Standards & Template Files

You have learned in this document how to assign a variety of object properties BYLAYER you have even seen how to override these object properties in plots by using Plot styles. All of the object properties described in this document are governed by CAD standards. most professional drawings must conform to a drafting standard. the applicable standard depends on different factors such as the 
industry & country in which the drawings will be used. The subject of CAD Read More...

Lesson43- OFFSET Makes Parallel Objects

Offset creates new objects parallel to existing 2D objects such as LINEs, ARCs, CIRCLEs, ELLIPSEs, LWPOLYLINEs & 2D SPLINEs. The new (offset) objects have the same properties (e.g. LAYER) as the objects selected for Offset. the current Layer has no effect. You can control the space between the new and original objects by 
using either the distance or through methods. the through method is the default the first time you use Offest in 
a drawing session. if you use the Read More...

Lesson44- TRIM

Use the Trim command to remove unwanted segments of objects. you are prompted first to select cutting objects. cutting objects can be LINEs, ARCs, CIRCLEs, LWPOLYLINEs, ELLIPSEs, SPINEs and even TEXT (bounding box of text). if you press <enter> instead of selecting cutting edges AutoCAD uses all objects as cutting edges (without highlighting them). After specifying which objects are to be used as cutting edges you are prompted for objects to trim. it is important where you select objects to trim because Read More...

Lesson45- EXTEND command

You can make objects longer using Extend and this command is similar to Trim because there are two steps to using it. first you select 2D boundary objects (e.g. LINEs, ARCs, CIRCLEs, ELLIPSEs, LWPOLYLINEs. TEXT & 2D SPLINEs). then select 2D objects to extend to the specified boundary. Command: EXTEND↵ Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None Select boundary edges ... Select objects: (pick LINE) Select objects: ↵ Select object to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]: (pick ARC) Select object to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]: ↵ Command: There are other similarities between Trim & Read More...

Lesson46- FILLET command

Use Fillet to create a new ARC object that blends between two existing LINEs or ARCs. in many cases an ARC is easier to construct using Fillet than it is using the Arc command. for example, it would be a challenge to create the shape shown below if you used ONLY the Arc command. Fillet is also practical to use when LINEs meet or cross (or would meet if they were extended) in a corner to create a round corner. You can use a Read More...

Lesson47- CHAMFER command

The Chamfer command is similar to Fillet in many ways except a straight LINE segment is created instead of an ARC. use Chamfer to break sharp corners where two LINEs cross or meet (or would meet if extended to an intersection point). you cannot use Chamfer on selected ARCs (unlike Fillet). Method Chamfer can use 2 different methods and you can change methods using the Method option. select the Distance method to specify chamfers using two distances measured from the Read More...

Lesson48- ARRAY command

You can make multiple copies of objects using Copy but when the copies repeat in a regular pattern you can use Array to save time. for example, you could draw the first thread and use Array to automatically make the remaining threads for the screw below. Rectangular A Rectangular Array is a pattern with rows & columns. you can specify the distance between rows (vertically) and the distance between columns (horizontally). Distances can be positive or negative. positive distances correspond to the positive direction of the Read More...

Lesson49- MIRROR command

Most designs are symmetrical in some way and you can save CAD construction time if you recognize this symmetry. use Mirror to automatically generate symmetrical features after you create the original features. this can save time & avoid potential errors that could be introduced by re-creating the symmetrical geometry manually. Delete Source Objects You can use Mirror to convert left side parts to right side parts or Mirror house/building plans to generate alternative designs. 
when you use the Mirror command to generate Read More...

Lesson50- STRETCH command

You can combine the effects of Move & Extend or Trim in a single operation to Stretch existing designs into new shapes. you must use a Crossing or CPolygon tool to select objects for Stretch to function properly. If an object is entirely inside the selection box then the entire object is Moved by the specified displacement. you can actually use Stretch in place of Move if you select the desired objects to move using a Crossing or CPolygon tool. If endpoints of LINEs & Read More...

Lesson51- Orthographic Views & Construction Lines

Drafting tools in AutoCAD 2000 make it easy to create 2 dimensional orthographic views that are properly aligned. 
the most important tool for orthographic views is POLAR. You normally start a drawing by creating 1 or 2 orthographic views. when you add a feature in one view you can update the other view to reflect the new feature. For example, you might begin the drawing of a V block by creating the end view first because it has the most information. Read More...

Lesson52- More Practice

Jig.dwg Create the three drawing views for the tool illustrated below. start from scratch using English defaults. create appropriate layers and save the drawing as Jig.dwg in your personal folder. Floor plan.dwg Create the floor plan illustrated below. start from scratch using English defaults create appropriate layers and use Architectural units. save this drawing as Floor plan.dwg in your personal folder.   Read More...

Lesson53- Automatic Object Snap Tracking

You can create temporary LINEs as construction objects when you draw in AutoCAD. for example, you can transfer features between views by creating LINEs and then using Trim to make them the correct length. The Object Snap Tracking feature lets you create the desired objects directly without having to perform secondary operations. you can make drawings with less effort if you take a moment to master the basics of Object Snap (Automatic) Tracking. Object Snap Tracking is in Read More...

Lesson54- Temporary Tracking Points

OTRACK uses running osnaps as alignment points for tracking when the OSNAP status bar button is On you can also specify temporary tracking points manually and they do not have to reside on an object snap point.   you can type TT at the keyboard or pick the Temporary Tracking Point button to use temporary tracking points. One way to use temporary tracking points is as an alternative to using the From tool. for example, you could create a CIRCLE (hole) that is 0.5 Read More...

Lesson55- Tracking With Parallel & Extension Osnaps

You can track using the Parallel osnap tool. acquire Alignment points using the Parallel osnap and you constrain the tracking vector parallel to the segment of interest. the Parallel osnap can avoid having to define a temporary UCS or create temporary construction objects (e.g. avoid Offset). The Extension osnap lets you track along the extension of an existing object (even non-linear objects like ARCs). this can avoid having to create temporary construction objects (e.g. Lengthen existing LINEs) just to find the desired point. for Read More...

Lesson56- More Practice TRACKING

Open the T109_5.dwg in your personal folder and create the boundary LINEs for the missing section view as shown. use tracking techniques ONLY. do NOT use construction lines do NOT use Fillet, Offset or Trim commands. hatching is not required. Open the T109_6.dwg in your personal folder and create the missing top view as shown. use tracking techniques ONLY & use appropriate layers. Open the T109_7.dwg drawing in your personal folder and complete the side, auxiliary & profile views as shown below. there is sufficient information in Read More...

Lesson57- Single Line TEXT Objects

Use Dtext to create individual lines of TEXT objects. you can create multiple lines using this approach but each line 
of text is a separate TEXT object (unrelated to the other lines). for example, the four individual TEXT objects shown below could 
be created using the command line history shown. Command: DTEXT↵ Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 0.2000 Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: (pick P1) Specify height <0.2000>: 1 ↵ Specify rotation angle of text <0>: ↵ Enter text: DTEXTMAKES↵
Enter text: SINGLE Read More...

Lesson58- Creating & Modifying Text Styles

Text styles control the appearance of TEXT objects using the parameters that you assign for the selected Font & desired Effects. AutoCAD uses the current text style when you create new TEXT 
objects with Dtext. invoke the Style option of Dtext to select a different text style for 
new TEXT objects (this becomes the current style as well). you can also invoke the Style command & select the desired 
style in the Text Style dialogue box to change the Read More...

Lesson59- Introduction To Multiline MTEXT Objects

You can create entire paragraphs (multi lines) of text as a single MTEXT object and each character can be formatted separately. use the Mtext command to create MTEXT objects.
Mtext lets you format characters individually using familiar Windows techniques in the Multiline Text Editor. select the desired text in the editor & select the desired format from the Character tab to change the selected characters. You can change settings for an entire MTEXT object from the Properties and Line Spacing tabs Read More...

Lesson60- Editing Existing Text

You can explicitly edit TEXT objects using ddEdit or you can select one TEXT object then right-click to invoke a shortcut instead. then select Text Edit to change the selected TEXT object in the Edit Text dialogue box. the shortcut will not be available if you select more than one TEXT object. You can also use Properties to edit the text string of selected TEXT objects. you can edit more properties (not just the string) this way such as the Style, Justification, Rotation, Read More...

Lesson61- Using Find & Replace

Use the Find command to find & replace text in drawings. text can be in block attribute values, dimension annotations, 
hyperlinks, hyperlink descriptions as well as TEXT & MTEXT. you can restrict your search to selected objects or apply the 
search to an entire drawing file. You can use this tool to merely Find text and then use the Zoom to 
button to display the drawing area where this text is found or you can actually Replace any or all found occurrences. You can Read More...

Lesson62- Spell Checking

Use the Spell command to verify whether or not selected objects contain text that is spelled correctly (as per the current dictionary). if you use spell checking in other Windows applications you should already be familiar with the Spell Checking dialogue box. You are prompted to select objects to check. all objects in the Model tab as well as the last active Layout tab are checked if you enter ALL at the Select objects prompt. AutoCAD ignores objects that were not created as Read More...

Lesson63- Introduction To Blocks

Objectives: Understand What Blocks Are & Where They Are Stored Learn How To Define Blocks With BMAKE Learn How To Insert Blocks & Drawing Files Using INSERT Drag & Drop Cut & Paste AutoCAD DesignCenter Introduce Attributes Creating Custom Title Blocks With Attributes Editing Attribute Values In Blocks Introduce Reference Files Learn How To Use XREF To Attach A Reference File Understand The Difference Between INSERT & XREF What Are Blocks? A block definition is a named imprint for a selection set of objects. when this imprint is stored in the current drawing Read More...

Lesson64- Making Block Definitions

You can easily create new block definitions with Bmake. begin by typing a Name for the new block definition that is unique in the current drawing. then pick the Select objects button and use selection tools to select objects for the block. pick the Pick point button and use osnaps to select an appropriate base point relative to the selected objects. the block definition is stored in the current drawing file. Blocks & drawing files can have insert units Read More...

Lesson65- Inserting Blocks & Drawing Files

You can Insert block definitions or drawings into the active drawing. select one of the defined blocks in the current drawing from the drop-down list. you can also pick Browse to select a drawing file to insert and this will create a new block definition in the current drawing. There are three main parameters for Insert. Insertion point corresponds to the base point that was specified 
when the block was defined. Scale is relative to the original objects selected when the block Read More...

Lesson66- Drag & Drop Cut & Paste

Drag & Drop (objects) In AutoCAD 2000 (first version to support the Windows Multiple Document Interface) it is easy to re-use objects in other drawings. One approach is to drag & drop object copies from one (open) 
drawing file into another (open) drawing file. Tile drawings in their own individual windows so you can see 
both drawings of interest at the same time. select source objects when no command is running. press & hold your right mouse button and drag Read More...

Lesson67- Introduction To AutoCAD DesignCenter

AutoCAD DesignCenter is a tool to find, access and re-use content that is not already stored in an open drawing. obvious content types include drawings & block definitions but content can have many other forms (including content 
created by custom applications). Selected content can be dragged into an open drawing without having to open the drawing file where this data is stored. for example, you could preview selected block definitions stored in any closed (or open) drawing file. then Read More...

Lesson68- Introduction To External Reference Files

Attaching a reference file to the host (active) drawing with Xref is like using Insert to insert that drawing file except the current version of the reference file is reloaded into 
the host every time you Open the host. whereas after you Insert a drawing file into another drawing the 
original file that was inserted is no longer used or required. You can use reference files in any assembly drawing (host) that 
references component drawing files (xrefs). changes to Read More...

Lesson69- Using Attributes In Title Blocks

When you use a title block in a new drawing you must enter variable data according to the current drawing file. for example, you will probably want to record the current drawing file name in a box labeled as ACAD FILE. One approach is to leave these title block boxes empty & fill them in 
after you insert the title block drawing into a new drawing file. this approach demands extra work in placing the text at the 
correct locations Read More...

Lesson70- Dimensions For Distance

Dimension origins are created as definition points (defpoints for 
short) on a special Layer called DefPoints. objects on the DefPoints layer are visible on-screen but this layer 
is automatically defined not to appear when you Plot. definition points are very small and usually lie on objects being 
dimensioned so you may not even notice them on your screen. Dimensions relating to distance require two types of information. you must supply defpoints as origin points & you must also specify (or imply) a direction Read More...

Lesson71- Ordinate Dimensions

Ordinate dimensions can be used as an alternative to linear dimensions (often used to dimension CNC machined parts). X ordinates are labeled along the top or bottom Y ordinates are labeled along the left or right side. create this type of dimension using Dimordinate. Leader lines can be straight or “dog legged” to clear obstructions in the drawing if required or to spread out dimensions that would be too close together if the leader lines were straight. Ordinate dimensions are relative to the current UCS Read More...

Lesson72- Angular Dimensions

Most angular dimensions involve angles formed by 2 LINE objects. use Dimangular to create this type of dimension. select the 2 LINEs. then pick a point for the dimension line arc location. AutoCAD uses the point you pick for the dimension line arc location to decide which of the four possible angles to dimension. the examples below show how the same 2 LINEs could be used to generate four different angular dimensions. If you press <enter> at the first Dimangular prompt (instead of selecting a Read More...

Lesson73- Dimensions For ARCs & CIRCLEs

ARCs & CIRCLEs can be dimensioned using two commands. use Dimdiameter to express the size in terms of a diameter (AutoCAD automatically adds a diameter symbol [ø] prefix) use Dimradius to express the size in terms of a radius. (AutoCAD automatically adds a radius character [R] prefix) Center marks may be created automatically for both of these dimension types depending on the current dimension style used. you will learn more about dimension styles later in this module. you can also manually create center Read More...

Lesson74- Quick Dimensions

AutoCAD 2000 introduces a quick way to make multiple dimensions in one operation with the new Qdim command. Qdim may not replace other commands to create dimensions in production drawings but it can save time in some situations. You select geometry and AutoCAD acquires key points of the selected geometry (such as endpoints and center points). these points are used as origin points for the new dimensions. You can right-click to invoke a shortcut menu to select the type of dimensions that you Read More...

Lesson75- Quick Leaders

You can use leaders to add notes (annotations) that point to specific objects in your drawing. this can create an MTEXT object (annotation) & another object that points to the desired area of the drawing (lines & arrows). You can change settings by right-clicking in the drawing area at the first Qleader prompt & selecting Settings from the shortcut. changes made to Settings are saved in your drawing so you can have different settings in different drawings. Reduce the amount of clicking required Read More...

Lesson76- Dimension Styles & Drawing Scale

Dimension variables are special system variables stored with each 
drawing to control the appearance of dimensions. a dimension style is a collection of dimension variable 
settings that you save with a unique name in a drawing. you can completely change the way dimensions appear by 
changing variable settings in a dimension style. Use dimension styles to standardize dimensions and conform to a 
particular drafting standard or office preferences. Save your custom dimension styles in your custom template files so Read More...

Lesson77- Using Styles In Other Drawings

You should include all dimension styles that you plan to use regularly in your custom template files so when you begin New drawings from a template these dimension styles are readily available in the current drawing. If the desired dimension style is not saved in the current drawing there are two easy ways to import styles from another drawing. if the source drawing (the one with the desired style) is open you can use the Matchprop command. you can also use AutoCAD DesignCenter Read More...

Lesson79- Crosshatching Overview

You can create HATCH objects to automatically fill 2D areas with various hatch patterns. the most common application involves section views where different hatch patterns represent different parts or materials. Use the Bhatch command to invoke the Boundary Hatch dialogue box for creating new HATCH objects. Defining The Boundary Valid 2D boundary objects include LINEs, ARCs, CIRCLEs, LWPOLYLINEs, SPLINEs, TEXT and MTEXT. You can specify a hatch boundary in two different ways. select objects manually but each boundary object must meet 
(exactly) end-to-end or there Read More...

Lesson78- Editing Dimensions

There are many ways to edit existing dimensions & the method you choose will depend on the type of change & number of dimensions. You can use Stretch on dimensions and the dimension text will update automatically (unless you replaced <> with text). You can also use grip editing techniques to stretch grips of dimension objects for various different effects. select a dimension if no command is running to display grips. left-click on a grip to make it hot and then Read More...

Lesson80- Hatch Properties

Scale HATCH objects are created in the Model so you must take the drawing scale into account when you specify a hatch scale. If the drawing scale is 1:1 then a hatch scale of 1 should create HATCH objects at a reasonable scale for drawings in inches or mm. enlarge the model when you Plot (e.g. 4:1 drawing scale) and you must reduce the hatch scale proportionately (e.g. 0.25). reduce the model when you Plot (e.g. 1:10) and you must increase the hatch Read More...

Lesson82- Modifying HATCH Objects

HATCH objects should be associative if you want the option to edit 
these HATCH objects later on. HATCH objects created by Bhatch are associative by default but you can select Nonassociative for the composition. When a HATCH object is associative the HATCH updates automatically when you change boundary objects. for example, you could Move internal islands (e.g. CIRCLE) and the HATCH will update to the new location for these islands. you can Erase internal islands (e.g. CIRCLE) and the HATCH will fill these Read More...

Lesson83- Overview impression

You will use layouts in this module to prepare for three different plots of a simple architectural plan. Each layout will be organized on separate tabs that you can easily select at the bottom of the screen. these layouts will be saved with basic plot settings and plot devices selected on each page. Later in this module you will create two layouts from a 3D model of the sundial illustrated below (no 3D knowledge/skills required). you will adjust layer settings & create viewports Read More...

Lesson84- Creating New Layouts From Scratch

You can create a new layout from scratch by right-clicking on the 
Model or a Layout tab and picking New layout from a shortcut. Creating a New layout does NOT make it the current layout and new layouts are not setup initially so when you select a 
new layout the Page Setup will be invoked automatically. the same thing happens if you select one of the existing layouts (Layout1 or Layout2) when you start a new drawing from scratch. Select one of the Read More...

Lesson85- Creating & Using Layouts In Templates

You should customize your template drawing files to include the 
most common page setups as layouts. you can have a different layout for each sheet size you use. then the desired sheet is readily available when you start New drawings From a Template. You do not need these layouts in ALL of your template drawings. you can create a few template drawing files specifically for 
layouts and set up each layout as desired. To use a layout from your template you can right-click on Read More...

Lesson87- Setting & Locking Viewport Scale

The standard approach is to Plot layouts at a scale of 1:1. you have already set up your A Size – Portrait layout to use a Plot scale of 1:1 (see step 6 on page 10). you must set viewport display magnification (scale) relative to paper space so viewports Plot at the required drawing scale. Zoom Scale One way to precisely set a viewport display magnification is to use the Scale option of the Zoom command. make the desired viewport the current Read More...

Lesson86- Creating Rectangular Viewports

You can use Vports to create a variety of viewport configurations in paper space or model space. this is particularly useful to set up top, front, right and Isometric viewports for mechanical 3D applications. each viewport can also have a different UCS which makes it 
easier to create parts in 3D. the utility is also useful to set up several viewports at the same time for 2D applications. You will probably create single viewports most of the time. the Viewports toolbar has a Single Viewport Read More...

Lesson88- Managing Layout Tabs

You can quickly generate many layouts in the same drawing so you must learn how to Delete layouts Copy layouts Move layouts Rename layouts Delete Right-click on the desired layout and select Delete to delete the selected layout(s) from the active drawing. you are asked to verify that you really want to permanently delete the selected layout(s). Use your <Shift> and <Ctrl> keys to select more than one layout tab to Delete (or perform other operations) at the same time. you can also pick Select All Layouts from Read More...

lesson89- Freezing Layers In Specific Viewports

You can Freeze layers in some viewports while leaving them Thawed at the same time in other viewports. first make the desired viewport the active viewport (the MODEL 
button will be in the status bar) then use the Layer command. select the desired layers to Freeze in the current viewport 
(ONLY) and check the Freeze in active viewport box. if you check Freeze in new viewports the selected layer(s) will be 
automatically frozen in any viewports you create after that time. practice freezing layers Read More...

Lesson90- Using DesignCenter To Import Layouts

You have already seen how you can import a layout from a template drawing file with little effort. you can also use DesignCenter to search for layouts in any 
closed (or open) drawing to drag & drop into the active drawing. in the next exercise you will use DesignCenter to import a layout 
(that you created) into a different drawing. then you will modify the imported layout to generate a 3D Model 
layout for this sundial model. you will see how you can Read More...

Lesson91- Creating Non-Rectangular Viewports

You can draw non-rectangular viewports directly with straight edge segments using the Vports Polygonal option. You can also draw a 2D closed shape on the PAPER above a viewport and use this object to clip the viewport. for example, you could draw a CIRCLE on the PAPER above a VIEWPORT and Copy the CIRCLE & VIEWPORT to the side. then you could clip the copied VIEWPORT using the copied CIRCLE to create a new detail view (DETAIL B shown Read More...

Lesson81- Copying Hatch Properties

You can copy the properties of an existing HATCH object using two different methods. if you are creating a new HATCH object you can use the Inherit 
Properties feature in the Boundary Hatch dialogue box. if you are updating an existing HATCH object you can use the 
Matchprop command. both methods help to create consistent HATCH objects in your 
drawings without having to know much about these properties. To use the Inherit Properties approach you can use the Bhatch command Read More...

lesson92- HDI & ADI Plotter Drivers

Before ADI ® (Autodesk Device Interface) drivers have been the standard for plotting and other devices for many AutoCAD versions and this approach has satisfied AutoCAD users in the DOS and early Windows environments. however, the time has come to adopt a more efficient and standard approach for communicating with output devices. Now AutoCAD 2000 uses HDI ® (Heidi Device Interface) drivers as 
a replacement to the traditional ADI plotter drivers. HDI features permit a modern graphical user interface that is more consistent with the Windows Read More...

Lesson93- Adding New Plot Devices

You can select installed plot devices to use on a Layout (or the Model) when you use Page Setup but you must have a *.pc3 file for the desired device before you can select it as the device to plot to. All *.pc3 files are stored in the AutoCAD2000\PLOTTERS folder by default & new pc3 files can be made with the Add-A-Plotter Wizard you can open the Windows Control Panel and double-click on the Autodesk Plotter Manager to open this folder. or you can use Read More...

Lesson94- Page Setup For The Model

You will probably encounter drawings that have been set up to Plot from the Model tab (even if you use layouts in your drawings). these drawings normally have a title block inserted into the model 
at a scale that is inversely proportional to the drawing scale. for example, if the drawing scale is 1:48 (1 /4”=1’) the title block would be inserted into the model at a scale of 48. when you plot using the intended plot scale (e.g. 1:48) the title Read More...

Lesson95- Page Setup For Layouts

Using Layouts for plotting requires a different approach for drawing scale (compared to plotting from the Model tab) you Insert a title block (or import a layout with a title block) at the 
same size that the title block should be in final plots (full scale). then you create viewports on the PAPER to display your model from that layout. you control the drawing scale for viewports by adjusting the view magnification in each viewport on a layout. 
when layouts have been created Read More...

Lesson96- Saving & Restoring Settings

You will probably work with only a few combinations of sheet sizes and drawing scales if you are like most other AutoCAD users. you can increase your productivity in AutoCAD 2000 by saving and restoring your common page setups by name. you can then import named page setups that are saved in other drawings without having to open those drawings. practice saving and restoring settings In this exercise you will work with 6 simple drawing files which document the 6 unique pieces of Read More...

Lesson97- Overriding Page Setups In Plots

You can pick the Plot button in the Page Setup dialogue box on the current layout but you can also use the Plot command directly. using the Plot command directly gives you more options such as temporarily overriding page setups & plotting multiple tabs. You can temporarily override page setups when you use Plot directly by unchecking the Save changes to layout box. or, if you prefer to save changes back to the page setup you can leave the Save changes to Read More...

Lesson98- Working With Plot Styles

You do not have to use plot styles in AutoCAD. if your plotter can output objects as they appear on-screen (and if this is what you want) then plot styles are not required. you may want to change some object properties at Plot time (only) and this is what plot styles were designed for. Monochrome Plot Devices Many output devices (e.g. laser printers) produce output using only black ink or toner (i.e. monochrome). if you try to send color output to these monochrome devices your Read More...

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